TOEFL EXERCISE (Skill 1-3)

1. Nobody know when the process of glass-making was invented.

The incorrect sentence, because Nobody is a singular subject. so the verb is must be followed by s/es.

The correct sentence :

Nobody knows when the process of glass-making was invented.

2. The languages of the world presents a vast array of structural similarities and differences.

The incorrect sentence, because the languages is a plural subject, so that it does not need to be followed by s/es in the end of the verb.

The correct sentence :

The languages of the world present a vast array of structural similarities and differences.     

3. The rise of multinationals have resulted in a great deal of legal ambiguity because multinationals can operate in so many jurisdictions.

The incorrect sentence, because The rise of multinationals is looks like a plural subject, but it can be change to ‘it‘ which is a singular subject that has the auxiliary verb such as : is,was, does, has.

The correct sentence :

The rise of multinationals has resulted in a great deal of legal ambiguity because multinationals can operate in so many jurisdictions.

4. All of the east-west interstate highways in the United States has even numbers,while north-south interstate highways are odd-numbered.

The incorrect sentence, because All of the east-west interstate highways is a plural subject and the verb must be followed plural verb ( have).

The correct sentence :

All of the east-west interstate highways in the United States have even numbers,while north-south interstate highways are odd-numbered.

5. When a massive star in the large Magellanic Cloud exploded in 1987, a wave of neutrinos were defected on Earth.

The incorrect sentence, because a wave of neutrinos is a singular subject, so it must follow with was the one of auxiliary verb for singular subject.

The correct sentence :

When a massive star in the large Magellanic Cloud exploded in 1987, a wave of neutrinos was defected on Earth.

 6. Every open space in the targeted area that has grass and a few bushes are occupied by the white-crowned sparrow.

The incorrect sentence, because every open space is a singular subject. so it must be followed by is, not are.

The correct sentence :

Every open space in the targeted area that has grass and a few bushes is occupied by the white-crowned sparrow.

7. Krakatoa is remembered as the volcano that put so much ash into the air that sunsets around the world was affected for two years afterward.

The incorrect sentence, because krakatoa is a singular subject. So it must be followed by singular verb that contains s/es.

The correct sentence :

Krakatoa is remembered as the volcano that puts so much ash into the air that sunsets around the world was affected for two years afterward.

8. The term “Yankee” was originally a nickname for people from New England, but now anyone from the United States are referred to as a Yankee.

The incorrect sentence, because anyone is a singular verb, and from the beginning of this sentence suggests the singular too.

The correct sentence :

The term “Yankee” was originally a nickname for people from New England, but now anyone from the United States is referred to as a Yankee.

9. A network of small arteries,mostly sandwiched between the skin and the underlying muscles,supply blood to the face and scalp.

The incorrect sentence, because a network of small arteries included in the singular subject, so the verb must be followed by s/es.

The correct sentence :

A network of small arteries,mostly sandwiched between the skin and the underlying muscles, supplies blood to the face and scalp.

10. Mesquite is a small tree in the Southwest who can withstand the severest drought.

The incorrect sentence, because Mesquite is a singular subject. So, the verb must be followed by s/es.

The correct sentence :

Mesquite is a small tree in the Southwest who can withstands the severest drought.

Keterangan warna :
(A) Purple

(B) Pink

(C) Blue

(D) Green

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